Is there reason to hope today? I first asked this—rhetorically, I thought—in 1975 in the aftermath of two watershed events, one personal with its political side, the other world-historical but profoundly felt personally. Unemployed for 7 months, battling for 18 months to save my academic career, I was awarded tenure at Wayne State University in a politically fought reversal of what had been determined in arbitration to be a political rejection. Four months later the NLF and North Vietnamese army entered Saigon, finally and fully liberating Vietnam from foreigners after 50 years of anticolonial struggle, defeating the barely restrained intervention of the world's greatest imperial power.
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