Monthly Review Archives 2018-08-20T00:05:25+00:00 Monthly Review Archives Open Journal Systems <p>This site contains nearly all articles published in <em>Monthly Review</em> since its inception in May 1949. Current subscribers can access content free of charge. Learn more about <em>MR</em>&nbsp;<a title="Monthly Review" href="" target="_self">at the main website</a>.</p> Metabolic Rift and the Human Microbiome 2018-07-02T05:24:15+00:00 Michael Friedman <p>Metabolic rift theory can deepen our understanding of the human microbiota—organisms living on and inside of humans—and the ways that capitalism has disrupted these microbial ecosystems, with serious consequences for our health.</p> 2018-07-02T04:47:58+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Marx, Value, and Nature 2018-08-20T00:05:03+00:00 John Bellamy Foster <p>In recent years ecological critiques of capitalism have deepened and multiplied, resulting in new debates over the conception, scope, and purpose of Marx's value theory and its relation to the natural world.</p> 2018-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Notes from the Editors, July-August 2018 2018-08-20T00:05:16+00:00 - The Editors <div class="buynow"><a title="Back issue of Monthly Review, July-August 2018 (Volume 70, Number 3)" href="">buy this issue</a></div> <p>This special issue is dedicated to developing the ecological critique embodied in Marx's theory of "metabolic rift." Each article uses the metabolic rift perspective to uncover core contradictions of capitalism, as well as possible paths toward a new system—one that will meet human needs while protecting the earth and future generations.</p> 2018-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## No Empires, No Dust Bowls 2018-08-20T00:05:10+00:00 Hannah Holleman <p>When scientists describe the increase of Dust Bowl-like conditions under climate change, they signal a particular kind of violent ecological <em>and</em> social change. But equally violent are the social forces, historical developments, policies, and practices that produce such massive socioecological crises in the first place.</p> 2018-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Cesspools, Sewage, and Social Murder 2018-08-20T00:05:09+00:00 Ian Angus <p>The accumulation of human excrement in nineteenth-century cities, particularly London, precipitated a historic environmental crisis—an aspect of the metabolic rift mostly overlooked in ecosocialist analysis. The solution that was finally adopted only shifted the problem out of sight, setting the stage for even greater crises in our time.</p> 2018-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Land&ndash;Sea Ecological Rifts 2018-08-20T00:05:07+00:00 Brett Clark Stefano B. Longo <p>Increasing rates of nitrogen and phosphorus application have caused severe damage to aquatic systems, as rivers, streams, lakes, bays, and ocean systems have been inundated with nutrient runoff. Only by addressing the metabolic rupture in the soil nutrient cycle and the contradictions of capital can we begin to mend these land–sea rifts.</p> 2018-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## On English Farming and Sewers 2018-08-20T00:05:06+00:00 Justus von Liebig <p>If the British people do not take the pains to secure the natural conditions of the permanent fertility of their land, if they allow these conditions as hitherto to be squandered, their fields will at no distant day cease to yield their returns of corn and meat.</p> 2018-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 1862 Preface to Agricultural Chemistry 2018-08-20T00:05:04+00:00 Justus von Liebig <p>I have had abundant opportunity of estimating the impediments which stand in the way of scientific doctrines passing into the domain of practical Agriculture. The reason of which is, especially, that no connexion was formed between Practice and Science.</p> 2018-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Robbery of Nature 2018-08-20T00:05:12+00:00 John Bellamy Foster Brett Clark <p>Marx's notion of "the robbery of the soil" is intrinsically connected to the rift in the metabolism between human beings and the earth. To get at the complexities of his metabolic rift theory, it is useful to look separately at the issues of the <em>robbery</em> and the <em>rift</em>, seen as separate moments in a single development.</p> 2018-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Politics of Food in Venezuela 2018-08-20T00:05:25+00:00 Ana Felicien Christina Schiavoni Liccia Romero <p>Few countries and political processes have been subject to such scrutiny, yet so generally misunderstood, as Venezuela and the Bolivarian Revolution. This is particularly true today, as the international media paints an image of absolute devastation in the country, wrought by failed policies and government mismanagement. One way to comprehend the complexities of what is happening in Venezuela today—missed entirely by the dominant, mainstream narrative—is by homing in on the dynamics around Venezuela's most highly consumed staple foods.</p> 2018-06-08T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##