Monthly Review Archives <p>This site contains nearly all articles published in <em>Monthly Review</em> since its inception in May 1949. Current subscribers can access content free of charge. Learn more about <em>MR</em>&nbsp;<a title="Monthly Review" href="" target="_self">at the main website</a>.</p> Monthly Review Foundation en-US Monthly Review Archives 0027-0520 <p>Please see <a title="Reprint Permissions" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here for reprint requests</a>.</p> Metabolic Rift and the Human Microbiome <p>Metabolic rift theory can deepen our understanding of the human microbiota—organisms living on and inside of humans—and the ways that capitalism has disrupted these microbial ecosystems, with serious consequences for our health.</p> Michael Friedman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-02 2018-07-02 Marx, Value, and Nature <p>In recent years ecological critiques of capitalism have deepened and multiplied, resulting in new debates over the conception, scope, and purpose of Marx's value theory and its relation to the natural world.</p> John Bellamy Foster ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-02 2018-07-02 122 136 10.14452/MR-070-03-2018-07_6 Notes from the Editors, July-August 2018 <div class="buynow"><a title="Back issue of Monthly Review, July-August 2018 (Volume 70, Number 3)" href="">buy this issue</a></div> <p>This special issue is dedicated to developing the ecological critique embodied in Marx's theory of "metabolic rift." Each article uses the metabolic rift perspective to uncover core contradictions of capitalism, as well as possible paths toward a new system—one that will meet human needs while protecting the earth and future generations.</p> - The Editors ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-01 2018-07-01 c2 151 10.14452/MR-070-03-2018-07_0 No Empires, No Dust Bowls <p>When scientists describe the increase of Dust Bowl-like conditions under climate change, they signal a particular kind of violent ecological <em>and</em> social change. But equally violent are the social forces, historical developments, policies, and practices that produce such massive socioecological crises in the first place.</p> Hannah Holleman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-01 2018-07-01 22 30 10.14452/MR-070-03-2018-07_2 Cesspools, Sewage, and Social Murder <p>The accumulation of human excrement in nineteenth-century cities, particularly London, precipitated a historic environmental crisis—an aspect of the metabolic rift mostly overlooked in ecosocialist analysis. The solution that was finally adopted only shifted the problem out of sight, setting the stage for even greater crises in our time.</p> Ian Angus ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-01 2018-07-01 32 68 10.14452/MR-070-03-2018-07_3 Land&ndash;Sea Ecological Rifts <p>Increasing rates of nitrogen and phosphorus application have caused severe damage to aquatic systems, as rivers, streams, lakes, bays, and ocean systems have been inundated with nutrient runoff. Only by addressing the metabolic rupture in the soil nutrient cycle and the contradictions of capital can we begin to mend these land–sea rifts.</p> Brett Clark Stefano B. Longo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-01 2018-07-01 108 121 10.14452/MR-070-03-2018-07_5 On English Farming and Sewers <p>If the British people do not take the pains to secure the natural conditions of the permanent fertility of their land, if they allow these conditions as hitherto to be squandered, their fields will at no distant day cease to yield their returns of corn and meat.</p> Justus von Liebig ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-01 2018-07-01 138 145 10.14452/MR-070-03-2018-07_7 1862 Preface to Agricultural Chemistry <p>I have had abundant opportunity of estimating the impediments which stand in the way of scientific doctrines passing into the domain of practical Agriculture. The reason of which is, especially, that no connexion was formed between Practice and Science.</p> Justus von Liebig ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-01 2018-07-01 146 150 10.14452/MR-070-03-2018-07_8 The Robbery of Nature <p>Marx's notion of "the robbery of the soil" is intrinsically connected to the rift in the metabolism between human beings and the earth. To get at the complexities of his metabolic rift theory, it is useful to look separately at the issues of the <em>robbery</em> and the <em>rift</em>, seen as separate moments in a single development.</p> John Bellamy Foster Brett Clark ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-01 2018-07-01 1 20 10.14452/MR-070-03-2018-07_1 The Politics of Food in Venezuela <p>Few countries and political processes have been subject to such scrutiny, yet so generally misunderstood, as Venezuela and the Bolivarian Revolution. This is particularly true today, as the international media paints an image of absolute devastation in the country, wrought by failed policies and government mismanagement. One way to comprehend the complexities of what is happening in Venezuela today—missed entirely by the dominant, mainstream narrative—is by homing in on the dynamics around Venezuela's most highly consumed staple foods.</p> Ana Felicien Christina Schiavoni Liccia Romero ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 1 19 10.14452/MR-070-02-2018-06_1